“Simultaneous translation” or “interpretation” is the process of rendering an oral message from one language into another (these languages are known as “source language” and “target language”). This is done immediately, which means that the interpreter renders the message into the target language, as the speaker continues generating content in the source language. At international meetings and conferences simultaneous interpretation is achieved with the application of an electronic system which enables the interpreter to simultaneously listen to incoming speech and speak the associated interpretation for the benefit of the conference participants. The ideal setting for oral language, the interpreter sits in a sound-proof booth and speaks into a microphone, while clearly seeing and hearing the source-language speaker via earphones. This is rendered to the target-language listeners via their earphones.
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